Education and teaching must fit a child , and be in line with his specific needs and individual potentialities. The reverse process in which children are made to fit into an educational mould has no place in modern education.This reminds us of an idea rejected by modern thought, VIZ that of Addison, Who wrote : " What sculpture is to the block of marble, education is to the human soul".The modern thinking makes education a more cooperative venture than that which arises when the sculptor uses his mallet and chisel upon a piece of marble. Though the latter has its own traits, it merely reacts at the whims and fancies of the sculptor and takes on the shape and size which he decides.
Modern education puts greatest stress not upon the mere reaction of the pupils as lifeless physical objects, but upon their responses. It seeks to nurture and direct children's inherent energies in the service of their own development. It further demands a respect for children's qualities and natural abilities within the framework of social demands.
A child needs to learn to mend his ways with those of his companions, and it is in his nature so to do. He must become " fit to live, and fit to live with." Development of child's potentialities does not mean the fostering of a voracious quest for the facts and figures of information which were at one time the main dishes in the educational dietary. Some children's real education is being restricted by an excessive concentration upon the out-moded need for regurgitating half assimilated, and often ill-digested matter, in order to gain a requisite number of marks in a meaningless way in an examination.
Gone were the days when one found the tendency to treat the art of teaching as that of stuffing pupils with knowledge just as one might fill bottles from a running tap. Modern teaching takes a more transparent view of its function. It stresses not the pouring in of knowledge but the pupil's own contribution to the learning process, and it seeks to obtain his cooperation and involvement in the work that is in progress.